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Hedge Parsley

Hedge Parsley
Torilis arvensis (Huds.)
(Order Apiales; Family Apiaceae)


Flowers of Hedge Parsley.  Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses: http://www.kswildflower.org/flower_details.php?flowerID=111


Diagnosis:
Stems: The stems are slender and widely spread. They are branched and have appressed-bristly hairs. They can grow from 1 to 3 feet tall.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate and 2 to 3 times pinnately divided. The leaflets are shaped ovately to linear-lanceolate and are 0.25 to 2.5 inches long and 0.75 inches wide. They are short and hairy and have toothed margins or are regularly divided. The tips of the leaflets are pointed.
Inflorescence: The flowers are formed into a compound umbel and are loose and open. They are ½  to 2 inches wide and are on slender stalks that are 1 to 5 inches long. They are terminal and lateral and the primary and secondary umbels have 3 to 9 rays that are ½ to 1 inch long.
Flowers: The flowers are tiny and white in color. There are 5 petals and the outer petals usually have 2 lobes.
Fruits: The fruits are densely covered with microscopic hooked bristles and are egg- shaped. They are less than 1/5 inches long and are ribbed. They are greenish or pinkish in color.

Flowering Period: These plants flower in June, July and August.


Distribution: Torilis arvensis in the United States. From the USDA Plants Database http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TOAR

 

Distribution Kansas: Torilis arvensis is distributed in the eastern 2/3 of Kansas. From the USDA Plants Database http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TOAR


Native Status: Hedge parsley is not native to the United States or Kansas. It was native to the Mediterranean and is now naturalized in the U.S.


Habitat: This plant usually grows around waste areas, edges of woods, and low shady places.


Uses: There is no specific use.  It can be an aggressive weed and the fruits cling to clothing and fur.


Conservation status: Secure


References:
Weberling, Focko, & Pankhurst, R.J. (1992). Morphology of flowers and inflorescence. Great Britain: University Press, Cambridge.


Image Credits:
Kansas Wildflowers & Grasses: http://www.kswildflower.org/flower_details.php?flowerID=111

United States and Kansas Distribution Map from the USDA Plants Database http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TOAR


Submitted by: Kiersten Dixon, July 2011.

 

 

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