Photo Credit: Robert Svensson (Found at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/msitua/2704193464/in/set-72157606510692004/)
Larval Diagnosis: Larvae are brown with pincer like mandibles.
Photo Credit: Luis Miguel Bugallo Sanchez (Found at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:2010_-_08_-_10_Bastavales_5.jpg)
Natural History: The most common Chyrsopidae species in Kansas. This species can be seen from early spring until late fall. Adults are nocturnal in habit and are common visitors of porch lights. They overwinter in fallen vegetation and emerge once the weather warms up in the spring. Females locate oviposition sites in response to olfactory cues both from food resources and the habitat itself. Eggs are characteristically stalked.
The larvae are important predators and are often referred to as aphid lions. This species is often used as a method of biological control over many types of crop pests. Females may be lured to oviposit on a commercial crop by the artificial application of honeydew.
Distribution: The species is holartic and very widely distributed. Occurs throughout North America, including the entire state of Kansas.
Found at: http://data.gbif.org/species/2105360 (Accessed through GBIF Data Portal, data.gbif.org, 2011-11-17)
Habitat: Adults and larvae found in fields, gardens, and sparse woodlands.
Diet: Adults feed on pollen and honeydew. Larvae are generalist predators and have been observed to feed on over 70 different prey species in 5 insect orders. The most commor prey species are aphids.
Conservation Status: Stable
Common Green Lacewing larvae sucking on an aphid:
Common Green Lacewing adult up close:
Midwest Biological Control News: http://www.entomology.wisc.edu/mbcn/kyf103.html
Biological Control A Guide ot Natural Enemies in North America: http://www.biocontrol.entomology.cornell.edu/predators/Chrysoperla.html
Salsbury, G.A., S.C. White. 2000. Insects in Kansas, 3rd Edition. Kansas Department of Agriculture. Topeka, KS.
Bellows, T.S., T.W. Fisher. 1999. Handbook of Biological Control. Academic Press. San Diego, CA.
Tauber, M.J., C.A. Tauber. 1983. Life History Traits of Chrysopa carnea and Chrysopa rufilabris (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): Influence of Humidity. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 76:282-285.
Submitted by: Lindsay Drees, November 2011.