Stagmomantis carolina (Johannson)
(Found at: http://www.critterzone.com/animal-pictures-nature/insect-mantis-Carolina-Stagmomantis-carolina-mantid.htm)
Adult Natural History: Females produce ootheca in the fall and the species overwinters in the egg stage. The eggs hatch from the ootheca in the spring and there is only one life cycle per year.
Mating in the Mantodea is an area of much fascination. This particular species has been observed to engage in sexual cannibalism altough it is not obligatory. Generally males are known to seek out females, but some females will compete for males. This female competition may explain why this species is not known to dance or exhibit any other elaborate courtship rituals.
Males are more often seen than females because males have functional wings and are more able to travel to lights at night.
Distribution: From the Atlantic Ocean westward to Arizona and Utah. Can be found as far north as Maryland and been reported as far south as Costa Rica.
(Found at: http://eol.org/pages/613537/maps)
Habitat: Grasslands and woodlands are both used. They are also common garden visitors as they exploit flowering plants due to their high arthropod densities and diversity.
Diet: Both nymphs and adults are entirely carnivorous. They are generalist predators who grasp moving prey items with their raptorial forelegs. They are also known to be cannibalistic both sexually, and not.
Conservation Status: Stable
Carolina Mantid eating a Lady Bettle
Carolina Mantid laying an ootheca
Carolina Mantid nymphs