(Order Hemiptera, Family Cicadellidae)
(Kansas: Wichita, residential area near Little Arkansas River. 37°41’52.39”N, 97°21’24.92”W)
Diagnosis: Adults are wedge-shaped and usually 5.5-7.5mm long with females occasionally appearing larger (up to 8.5mm long). Both males and females have bright blue and red alternating stripes running laterally along the wings and the top of the thorax. The head, legs and abdomen are bright yellow.
Natural History: Leafhopper adults typically emerge in spring and after mating, lay eggs in leaf veins, shoots and stems. It takes about 10 days for nymphs to hatch and begin metamorphosis. Hemipterans have incomplete metamorphosis with nymph wing pads growing larger between instars. Adulthood is often achieved in 12-30 days and usually one generation is produced per year, though up to six has been recorded.
Distribution: This species of leafhopper is thought to be distributed throughout the United States and Canada. Documented sightings are located on the map but are largely incomplete.
Habitat: Leafhoppers are distributed worldwide (except Antarctica) and can be found any place with vegetation. They are most often associated with cultivated plants since they are considered pests.
Diet: Leafhoppers feed on xylem and phloem sap of plants.
Conservation Status: Unknown
Video: Leafhopper “shooting” excess water (sometimes called honeydew) out the abdomen.
Bug Guide: Species Graphocephala coccinea: http://bugguide.net/node/view/518
Leafhopper Pests of Connecticut Nurseries and Landscapes: http://www.ct.gov/caes/lib/caes/documents/publications/fact_sheets/entomology/leafhopper_pests_of_connecticut_nurseries_and_landscapes.pdf
Red Plant Inc: Photo: http://www.cirrusimage.com/homoptera_leafhopper_Graphocephala_coccinea.htm
Youtube: Graphocephala coccinea (Red-banded Leafhopper): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFiJNThjmyY
Borrer, Donald Joyce. 1987. A Field Guide to Insects: America North of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin. Boston, MA.
Eaton, Eric R. 2007. Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., New York, NY.
Marshall, Stephen A. 2006. Insects: Their Natural History and Diversity. Firefly Books. Buffalo, NY.
Salsbury, Glenn A., Stephan C. White. 2000. Insect in Kansas. Kansas Department of Agriculture.
Submitted by: Anna A. Balthazor, November 2011