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Wooly Verbena (Verbena stricta)

Wooly Verbena
Verbena stricta
Order: Lamiales; Family:  Verbenaceae

Kansas: Sedgwick County. Ninnescah Reserve. 37° 32.020’ N  -97° 40.317’ W. Verbena stricta community near gravel parking lot in low abundance. 

Verbena stricta community. Photo by: Emily Anderson, 2012

Verbena stricta focal plant. Photo by: Emily Anderson, 2012

Diagnosis:

Height: 1 feet to 5 feet
 
Stems: Erect, 1 to numerous, simple and above branched with an abundance of leaves with feathery hair
Verbena stricta stem. Photo by: Emily Anderson, 2012
 
Leaves: opposite, simple andmostly sessile.  Leaves are widely ovate, elliptic, or lanceolate and 1 to 4 inches in length and 1/2 to 2 inches in width with dense hairs and conspicuous veins underneath;
margins are highly toothed.
Verbena stricta leaf. Photo by: Emily Anderson, 2012
 
Inflorescence: Spikes are up to 12 inches in length and terminal, erect and slim.
Verbena stricta inflorescence. Photo by: Emily Anderson, 2012
 
Flowers: Overlapping; calyces 5-lobed, less than 1/4 inch in length with  dense hairs and sharp pointed tip, blue to purple colored corollas that are 1/3 inches in width, and 5-lobed. 
 
Verbena stricta flower. Photo by: Emily Anderson, 2012
 
Fruits: 4 grayish brown nutlets that have tiny bumps covering them, each with 1 seed.
 
Flowering Period: May to September
 
Habitat: Prefers dry soils, pastures, disturbed habitats, farmyards, and waste grounds.
  
Conservation Status: Not currently threatened
 
Native Status: Native to the United States
 
Distribution: Found all throughout the state of Kansas.
Distribution of Verbena stricta in the United States.  From the USDA Plants Database.
 
Visitors: Bees, flies, Lepidoptera
 
Relevant Video:
"Gardening Tips: How to Grow Verbena"  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kPabDM54RF8
 
Human Uses: Teas was made from the leaves by Plains Indians to treat stomachaches.
 
Links:
 
References:

Elpel, Thomas J. 2004. Botany In a Day: The Pattern Method of Plant Identification. HOPS Press, Pony,

            Montana. 146.

The Plants Database. 2000.  National Plant Data Center. 26 July 2012. 
            http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VEST
Kansas Wildflowers. 2007. Kansas State University Libraries. 26 July 2012.  
            http://kswildflower.org/flower_details.php?flowerID=216
 
Image Credits:
Verbena stricta community in the field. Photo by Emily Anderson, 2012
Verbena stricta focal plant in the field. Photo by Emily Anderson, 2012
Verbena stricta stem. Photo by Emily Anderson, 2012
Verbena stricta leaf. Photo by Emily Anderson, 2012
Verbena stricta inflorescence. Photo by Emily Anderson, 2012
Verbena stricta flowers. Photo by Emily Anderson, 2012
United States Distribution Map from the USDA Plants Database. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VEST
 
Submitted by: Emily Anderson, July, 2012.

 

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