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Teucrium canadense L. (American germander, wood sage)

American Germander, Canadian Germander, Wood Sage
Teucrium canadense L.
(Order Lamiales, Family Lamiaceae)
Wood sage in abundance. Image from http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TECA3
 
Close-up of a Wood Sage flower. Image from http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=TECA3
 
 
Diagnosis:
Height: 0.3 meters to 1.0 meter (1-3 feet) tall.
Stems: Leaves simple or sparingly branched, 3-10 dm tall.
Leaves: Leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3-12 cm long.
Flowers: 4-6 flowered spiciform in florescences, purplish, 6-20 cm long.
Fruits: Nutlets light redish brown, 1.5-2.4 mm long.
 
 
Flowering Period: May, June, July, August, September
 
Habitat: Open or shaded usually moist sites such as stream banks, lake shores, marshes, prairies, ditches, sometimes pastures.
 
Conservation status: Not threatened
 
Native Status: Native to the United States.
 
Distribution: This species is widespread in Kansas.
 
Distribution in the US and Canada (green).  Map from http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TECA3
 
Visitors: Pollinating insects.
 
Video: Wood Sage
 
Human uses: “Woodsage” was once used to flavor beer before hops were used.
 
Links:
 
References:
Great Plains Flora Association, 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence Kansas. 724 pp.    
 
Stevens, W. (1961). Kansas wild flowers. (3rd ed.). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.
 
Niering, W., & Olmstead, N. (2001). North american wildflowers, eastern region. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Chanticleer Press.
 
 
Image Credits:
 
 
Submitted By: Chris Bevilacqua, August, 2013

Wichita State University
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