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Allium canadense L. (Wild Onion, Meadow Garlic)

Wild Onion, Meadow Garlic
Allium canadense L.
(Order Liliales, Family Liliaceae)
 
 
 
Diagnosis:
Height: 0.15 meters to 0.3 meter (6 to 12 inches) tall.
Stems: Round, flatish, stiffly erect stems.
Leaves: 2 or 3 basal leaves, 1-5 mm wide, channeled, basal, shorter than scape.
Flowers: 6-12 withered whitish to pink star shaped flowers, although flowers mostly replaced by bulbs.
Fruits: White to pinkish red bulbs.
 
Flowering Period: April, May, June, July
 
Habitat: Prairies, meadows, open woods, disturbed sites.
 
Conservation Status: Not threatened
 
Native Status: Native to the United States (in green).
 
Distribution: This species is widespread in Kansas.
 
Visitors: Pollinating insects.
 
Videos, MP3s, or Interactive Data:  Meadow Garlic Field Onion
 
 
Human Uses: Cultivated for use as food
 
Links: 
 

References:
Great Plains Flora Association, 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence Kansas. 724 pp.    
 
Stevens, W. (1961). Kansas wild flowers. (3rd ed.). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.
 
Niering, W., & Olmstead, N. (2001). North american wildflowers, eastern region. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Chanticleer Press.
 
 
Image Credits:
 
 
Submitted By: Chris Bevilacqua, August, 2013

Wichita State University
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