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Red Shiner

Red Shiner
Cyprinella lutrensis
(Order Cypriniformes; Family Cyprinidae)

Cyprinus carpio. Photos by Alicia Oberg, 2011.

Diagnosis: The Red Shiner is a part of the minnow and carp family. The Red Shiner has silvery to olive-green sides with red color on the caudal, pelvic, and pectoral fins of the males; females do not have the red coloration. This species can grow to be about 3.5 inches. There are usually eight dorsal soft fin rays, eight pelvic soft fin rays, and eight to ten anal soft fin rays on the Red Shiner.

Natural History: Cyprinus lutrensis spawn from the spring to fall, usually between the months of April to September with peak spawning in mid-summer. This species spawns in riffle areas in streams or on natural objects that are submerged underwater. The females can lay up to 16 batches per day and each batch can contain up to 71 eggs.

Distribution: The Red Shiner distribution map from Fuller et al. (1999)

Habitat: The Red Shiner is found mainly in small rivers and creeks. This species has adapted to many different environments because it is tolerant of poor water quality and degraded environments.

Diet: This species of fish mainly feeds on small invertablates.

Conservation Status: Stable

Etymology: "Cyprinella" is Greek for ‘small carp’ and "lutrensis" comes from the Latin "lutra" which means "otter", referring to Otter Creek, Arkansas, where the species was first captured.

Texas Freshwater Fishes:

Fuller et al. 1999. Nonindigenous Fishes. Special Publication Number 27, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Miller, R.J., and H.W. Robison. 2004. Fishes of Oklahoma. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. 450 pp.

Leo Nico and Pam Fuller. 2011.   Cyprinella  lutrensis. USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL. RevisionDate: 4/19/2010

Scharpf, C. 2005. Annotated checklist of North American freshwater fishes, including subspecies and undescribed forms. American Currents, Special Issue 31(4):1-44.

Walters, D.M. and M.J. Blum. 2007. Red shiner invasion of the upper Coosa River System: Dynamics and Ecological Consequences. EPA/600/R-07/124. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Image Credits:

Cyprinella lutrensis Site #1. Photo by Alicia Oberg, July 2011

Cyprinella lutrensis. Photo by Alicia Oberg, July 2011

The Red Shiner distribution map from Fuller et. al. (1999)

Submitted by: Erica Kuhlman, July 2011

Wichita State University
Generated on 2011. This website is continuously updated.
Comments can be sent to Mary Liz Jameson.
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