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House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)

House Finch
Carpodacus mexicanus
Order: Passeriformes, Family: Fringillidae

Copyright Glenn Bartley:


Diagnosis. This average sized finch (15cm) is highly colorful, with its bright red head, bib and rear. The chest is distinct from the barred underbelly, and the head is broken by a brown patch behind the eye and a slight brown patch on the crown of the head. The females are markedly different from the colorful male, showing no red; their brown bodies are streaked all over and carry no real distinguishing features.

Female (Copyright Bill Raboin:


Natural History. House Finches are highly social, they live and breed as a flock. They are a highly fecund species, with the female having up to six broods per season. Laying 2-6 eggs at a time, and with a low incubation and nesting period (12-19 days each) the species has rapidly grown and spread since the 1940’s.


Within Kansas: Found in all counties of Kansas, the House Finch has established breeding populations in all but a few western counties.

Photo courtesy

Within North America: The House Finch can be readily found in all parts of lower North America. Having originated in the western U.S., and being introduced into the east in the 1940’s, the two populations have exploded and their ranges have met in the middle.


Last Updated: December 2, 2009 by Paul Lehman





Habitat. Having originated in the western U.S., the House Finch is suited to semiarid lowlands, but has readily adapted itself to city and suburban life and can now be found in many habitats.


Diet. The House Finch is readily seen at the bird feeder, and enjoys many nuts and seeds, and is rarely seen eating small insects.


Conservation Status. IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern



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Badyaev, Alexander V., Linda A. Whittingham, et al. "The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in the House Finch. Iii. Developmental basis."Evolution 55.1 (2001): 176-189. BioOne.Web. 26 Jul 2012. <[0176:TEOSSD]2.0.CO;2?prevSearch=house+finch&searchHistoryKey=&queryHash=11a25bbbef282ed30ac90a9b3ae8043c>.

Dunn, Jon L., and Jonathan Alderfer. Field Guide to the Birds of North America. 5th. Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2006. Print.

Forbush, Edward H., and John May. A Natural History of American Birds of Eastern and Central North America. New York: Bramhall House, 1955. Print.


Submitted By: Em Capoun July 2012

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