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Teucrium canadense L. (American germander, wood sage)

American Germander, Canadian Germander, Wood Sage
Teucrium canadense L.
(Order Lamiales, Family Lamiaceae)
Wood sage in abundance. Image from
Close-up of a Wood Sage flower. Image from
Height: 0.3 meters to 1.0 meter (1-3 feet) tall.
Stems: Leaves simple or sparingly branched, 3-10 dm tall.
Leaves: Leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3-12 cm long.
Flowers: 4-6 flowered spiciform in florescences, purplish, 6-20 cm long.
Fruits: Nutlets light redish brown, 1.5-2.4 mm long.
Flowering Period: May, June, July, August, September
Habitat: Open or shaded usually moist sites such as stream banks, lake shores, marshes, prairies, ditches, sometimes pastures.
Conservation status: Not threatened
Native Status: Native to the United States.
Distribution: This species is widespread in Kansas.
Distribution in the US and Canada (green).  Map from
Visitors: Pollinating insects.
Video: Wood Sage
Human uses: “Woodsage” was once used to flavor beer before hops were used.
Great Plains Flora Association, 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence Kansas. 724 pp.    
Stevens, W. (1961). Kansas wild flowers. (3rd ed.). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.
Niering, W., & Olmstead, N. (2001). North american wildflowers, eastern region. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Chanticleer Press.
Image Credits:
Submitted By: Chris Bevilacqua, August, 2013

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