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Allium canadense L. (Wild Onion, Meadow Garlic)

Wild Onion, Meadow Garlic
Allium canadense L.
(Order Liliales, Family Liliaceae)
Height: 0.15 meters to 0.3 meter (6 to 12 inches) tall.
Stems: Round, flatish, stiffly erect stems.
Leaves: 2 or 3 basal leaves, 1-5 mm wide, channeled, basal, shorter than scape.
Flowers: 6-12 withered whitish to pink star shaped flowers, although flowers mostly replaced by bulbs.
Fruits: White to pinkish red bulbs.
Flowering Period: April, May, June, July
Habitat: Prairies, meadows, open woods, disturbed sites.
Conservation Status: Not threatened
Native Status: Native to the United States (in green).
Distribution: This species is widespread in Kansas.
Visitors: Pollinating insects.
Videos, MP3s, or Interactive Data:  Meadow Garlic Field Onion
Human Uses: Cultivated for use as food

Great Plains Flora Association, 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence Kansas. 724 pp.    
Stevens, W. (1961). Kansas wild flowers. (3rd ed.). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.
Niering, W., & Olmstead, N. (2001). North american wildflowers, eastern region. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Chanticleer Press.
Image Credits:
Submitted By: Chris Bevilacqua, August, 2013

Wichita State University
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